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Center for Adapted Physical Education and Research (CAPER)

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Instructional Resources

The following resources have been created to assist physical education teachers who
wish to enhance the health and physical competencies of their students with disabilities. 

Click on the activity to review instructional and equipment modifications that will support
the successful inclusion of students in general physical education classes.

Individual Lifetime Activities

Dual Lifetime Activities

Team Games

The following is a list of research projects that the Manchester University Adapted Physical Education faculty, their colleagues, and students have published or presented.

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Publications

Duchane, K. A., Leung, R. W., & Coulter-Kern, R. (2008). Preservice physical educator attitude toward teaching students with disabilities. Clinical Kinesiology, 62(3), 16-20.

Public Law 108-466 requires physical education teachers to provide direct service to students with disabilities in the least restrictive environment, which, whenever feasible, is a general education classroom. The study examined the attitude of undergraduate students majoring in physical education teacher education toward students with disabilities. A total of 183 preservice physical educators from two colleges in a Midwestern state volunteered to participate in the study. A revised Attitude Toward Disabled Persons (ATDP) Scale was used to measure attitude toward individuals with disabilities. A one-shot survey design with a series of simple t-tests were used for analysis. Results indicated that the preservice teachers held a less favorable attitude toward students with disabilities. Gender, previous experience with individuals with disabilities, and academic preparation were factors that affected attitude. It was concluded the less favorable attitude toward teaching students receiving a special education might be related to misunderstandings or lack of knowledge about disabilities. Teacher education programs might need to implement specific strategies to overcome the stigma of disability to achieve the goal of effectively educating all students in an inclusive classroom.

Duchane, K. A. (2007). Attitude toward teaching students with disabilities in physical education. Indiana AHPERD Journal, 36(1), 33-37.

The purpose of the study was to examine the attitude of physical educators toward teaching students with disabilities included in general physical education classes. Participants were 182 physical education teachers from a midwestern state who taught students at the junior high school level. Data was collected using the Physical Educators' Attitude Toward Teaching Individuals with Disabilities. There were no significant differences between male and female teachers in relation to attitude toward teaching students with disabilities. However, the results indicated that the attitude toward students with mental retardation and emotional disturbances was less favorable than teaching students with learning disabilities.

DePlanty, J., Coulter-Kern, R., & Duchane, K. A. (2007). Perceptions of parent involvement in academic achievement. Journal of Educational Research, 100(6), 361-368.

The authors sought to understand the types of parent involvement that teachers, parents, and students believe affect the academic achievement of adolescent learners at the junior high school level. Research that included focus groups, interviews, and surveys indicated that teachers and students believed that parent involvement at school was considered less important to a child's academic achievement than parent involvement in academics at home. In addition, parents rated themselves as more participatory in academics than did their children or junior high school teachers.

Duchane, K. A., & French, R. (1998). Attitudes and grading practices of secondary physical educators in regular education settings. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 15(4), 370-380.

Fishbein and Ajzen's (1975) reasoned action theoretical model was used to examine physical education teachers' attitudes toward grading students with disabilities. Participants were 82 male and 100 female teachers who taught physical education in grades 6-8, representing 119 schools. The Physical Educators' Attitude Toward Teaching Individuals with Disabilities (PEATID-III) survey and a grading practices questionnaire were administered. A three-way ANOVA indicated no significant differences in grading practices between genders and between teachers with positive and negative attitudes. However, comparison of grading practices for students with (M = 122.83) and without disabilities (M = 133.49) revealed significant differences, F(1, 154) = 21.31, p < .001. It was concluded that criteria for grading students with disabilities are significantly different from those for nondisabled classmates.  Neither attitude nor gender made a significant difference in grading practices.

Groombridge, L. L., & Duchane, K. A. (2005). No child left behind in dance. Indiana AHPERD Journal, 34(2), 20-21.

Zimmerman, C., & Duchane, K. A. (2004). Fit for life: No children left on their behind. Indiana AHPERD Journal, 33(1).

Groombridge, L. L., & Duchane, K. A. (2001). Ready, set, go: Adopting a physically active lifestyle in older adulthood. In D. Beaver (Ed.), Adapted Physical Activity Conference Proceedings (pp. 91-96). Atlanta, GA: World Congress on Disabilities.

Duchane, K. A. (2001). Making the grade: Attitudes and grading practices in inclusive physical education settings. In D. Beaver (Ed.), Adapted Physical Activity Conference Proceedings (pp. 229-231). Atlanta, GA: World Congress on Disabilities.

Duchane, K. A. (2000). Silver Spartans: An adapted focus for undergraduate physical education preparation. Indiana AHPERD Journal, 29(1), 9-10.

Duchane, K. A. (1995). IEPs: Making inclusion work in physical education. Indiana AHPERD Journal, 24(2), 22-24.

Duchane, K. A. (1994). Guess who's coming to gym?: Adapting instruction to meet the motor needs of all students. Indiana AHPERD Newsletter, 8(1), 7.

Duchane, K. A., & French, R. (1991). Preparing students and teachers for effective mainstreaming in physical education. The Physical Educator, 48(2), 95-99.

Duchane, K. A. (1990). The IEP process: What physical educators should understand. Texas AHPERD Journal.

Duchane, K. A. (1989). Developing a leisure skills repertoire for the handicapped. Texas AHPERD Journal.

Duchane, K. A., & Greenwood, C. M. (1988). Meeting the needs of all children through innovative play environments. In P. Bishop (Ed.), Adapted Physical Education: A Comprehensive Resource Manual of Definition, Assessment, Programming and Future Predictions (pp. 229-235). Kearney, NE: Educational Systems Associates.

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Presentations

K. A. Duchane, L. L. Groombridge, D. Magwire, R. Nugent, and G. Scott, "Preparing Preservice Teachers for Inclusion: Rev Up Your Program", Presented at the Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Conference, Indianapolis, IN (2006).

K. A. Duchane, C. Bambo, and N. Sieracki, "Attitudes of Preservice Teachers Toward Students with Disabilities", Presented at the Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Conference, Indianapolis, IN (2006).

L. L. Groombridge and K. A. Duchane, "Generations Together: Healthy Student Learning Experiences", Presented at the Engaging Students in Learning: Fort Wayne Teaching Conference, Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne, IN (2006).

K. A. Duchane, "Peaceable Gymnasium: Moving with Character", Presented at the Indiana AHPERD Region 8 Workshop, Manchester University, North Manchester, IN (2004).

K. A. Duchane and D. Barrett, "Adapting Instruction in Physical Education", Presented at the Joint Educational Services in Special Education Workshop, Rochester, IN (2004).

K. A. Duchane, A. Britton, B. Edwards, and M. Minniear, "Peaceable Gymnasium: Changing the Social Shape of Physical Activity Classrooms", Presented at the Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Conference, Indianapolis, IN (2003).

K. A. Duchane, L. Lorenzen-Huber, D. Weinrich, and F. Flowers, "Intergenerational Service-Learning in Gerontology", Presented at the Association for Gerontology in Higher Education Leadership Conference, Pittsburgh, PA (2002).

K. A. Duchane, D. Barrett, N. Gasior, and J. Tolliver, "Frisbee Fun for EveryBODY", Presented at the Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Conference, Indianapolis, IN (2002).

K. A. Duchane, "Bodies in Motion NuStep Exercise Program", Presented at the Life Enrichment Seminar, Manchester Shepherd's Center, North Manchester, IN (2002).

K. A. Duchane and S. Quaderer, "Dare to Discipline 2: Continued Creation of Strategies to Managing Student Behavior", Presented at the Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Conference, Indianapolis, IN (2001).

K. A. Duchane, "Making the Grade: Attitudes and Grading Practices in Inclusive Physical Education Settings", Presented at the World Congress on Disabilities Conference, Atlanta, GA (2001).

K. A. Duchane and J. Newhart, "New Way to Play: Cooperative Activities for Enhancing Behavior", Presented at the Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Conference, Indianapolis, IN (2001).

L. L. Groombridge and K. A. Duchane, "Ready, Set, Go: Adopting a Physically Active Lifestyle in Older Adulthood", Presented at the World Congress on Disabilities Conference, Atlanta, GA (2001).

K. A. Duchane, "Development of Motor Abilities in Children", Presented at Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, MI (2000).

K. A. Duchane, "Dare to Discipline: Creative Strategies to Managing Student Behavior", Presented at the Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Conference, Indianapolis, IN (2000).

K. A. Duchane, "Physical Education Programming for Students with Autism", Presented at First Year Colloquium, Manchester University, North Manchester, IN (2000).

K. A. Duchane and L. L. Groombridge, "Bodies in Motion: Intergenerational Service-Learning", Presented at the Scholarship of Teaching Conference, Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne, IN (1999).

K. A. Duchane, "What Educators Need to Consider: Attitude and Grading Practices of Secondary Physical Educators in Inclusionary Educational Settings", Presented at the Midwest District of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Convention, Fort Wayne, IN (1998).

K. A. Duchane and R. French, "On Your Mark: Grading Practices of Secondary Physical Educators in Inclusionary Educational Settings", Presented at the Achieving A Balance: Adapted Physical Activity Conference, Macomb, IL (1997). 

K. A. Duchane, "Assessment and Grading Practices in Inclusionary Physical Education", Presented at the Positive Approaches to Children's Education (PACE) Conference, Indianapolis, IN (1996).

K. A. Duchane, "Developmental Physical Education", Presented at the University of Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN (1996).

K. A. Duchane, "Making Inclusion Work in Physical Education", Presented at the Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Conference, Merrillville, IN (1994).

K. A. Duchane and B. Morris, "Individualized Physical Education Programs", Presented at the Indiana State Department of Education Adapted Physical Education Workshop, Indianapolis, IN (1994). 

K. A. Duchane, "Guess Who's Coming to Gym?: Adapting Instruction to Meet the Motor Needs of All Children", Presented at the Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Conference, Indianapolis, IN (1993).

C. Pope, A. Sugars, and K. A. Duchane, "Taking It On The Road: Adapted Physical Education in a Rural Setting", Presented at the Texas Council for Exceptional Children, San Antonio, TX (1988).

K. A. Duchane, "The Effect of a Supplemental Program of Individual Perceptual-Motor Training on Academic Readiness of Primary Grade Children", Presented at the Southern District of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Convention, Little Rock, AR (1988).

K. A. Duchane, "Adapted Physical Education: The Evolving Discipline", Presented at Texas Christian University, Ft. Worth, TX (1988). 

K. A. Duchane, "Developing a Community-Based Recreation/Leisure Program", Presented at Texas Woman's University, Denton, TX (1988).

A. Tripp and K. A. Duchane, "Physical Education and the Law", Presented at the Association for Retarded Citizens, Denton, TX (1988).

K. A. Duchane, "The Role of Recreation/Leisure Instruction in Community-Based Programming", Presented at the Region IV Educational Service Center, Houston, TX (1987).

K. A. Duchane, "Utilizing a Multidisciplinary Approach in Educating Students with Emotional Disturbances", Presented at the University of North Texas, Denton, TX (1987).

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If you would like further information about the Adapted Physical Education program, please contact
Kim A. Duchane at kaduchane@manchester.edu.


 
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