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PHRM 310             Biomedical Sciences I          5 hours
This course is designed to provide broader perspectives of the various biological disciplines emphasizing human anatomy as it relates to fundamental principles of physiology and biochemistry, with a specific focus on human health and disease. Biochemistry, anatomy, and physiology will examine the structural and functional organization of the human body at the cell, tissue, organ, organ system and organismic levels.

PHRM 312             Pharmaceutics I                    4 hours
This course is designed to teach pharmaceutical calculations, physical pharmacy and preparation of various dosage forms. Students also will practice basic patient counseling skills for specific dosage preparations. In the lab component, students will apply the knowledge learned in the lectures by calculating dosage form preparations and compounding various dosage forms, such as solutions, suspensions and emulsions.

PHRM 320             Introduction to Pharmacy I                4 hours
This course will provide a comprehensive overview of the pharmacy profession, examining various aspects of the past, present, and future of pharmacy practice to provide students a global view of the pharmacy profession. The role of the pharmacist will be further defined through a variety of topics, including professionalism, cultural competency, patient-centered care, pharmacy law, ethics, advocacy, and interprofessional issues. Students will have the opportunity to practice skills in these areas during Pharmacy Practice Lab I (PHRM 330).

PHRM 322             Drug Information                 2 hours
Drug Information is designed to provide students with a foundation for an evidence-based approach to pharmacy practice in all settings. Students will gain familiarity with the types of drug literature and their uses, regulations of drug development and promotion, and a variety of drug information specialty practices. Students will be expected to demonstrate critical thinking and commitment to lifelong learning. By the end of the course, students should be able to identify and use appropriate drug information resources to systematically respond to basic requests for drug information from patients and healthcare professionals.

PHRM 323             Communications in Pharmacy Practice            2 hours
Communications in Pharmacy Practice is designed to provide students with the fundamental skills needed to effectively communicate with healthcare professionals and patients.  Students will engage in a variety of activities simulating professional practice scenarios.  Students will be expected to demonstrate proficiency in verbal, non-verbal, and written communication, as well as to continually self-assess these skills.  Students will also be expected to work collaboratively in teams.  Skills learned during this course will be reinforced and applied throughout the Doctor of Pharmacy curriculum.

PHRM 330             Pharmacy Practice Lab I                     1 hour
Pharmacy Practice Lab I is the first in a series of courses designed to provide students with practical experience to apply skills learned in didactic course work.  Students will engage in a variety of activities simulating professional practice scenarios.  Lab will focus on applications of pharmaceutical care principles, pharmaceutical knowledge, and professional techniques to solve medication-related issues.  In addition, communication skills will be practiced through patient counseling exercises, presentations, group assignments, and written assignments.  It is expected that students will actively engage in lab sessions through various activities and simulations.  Students will also be expected to work collaboratively in teams. 

PHRM 311             Biomedical Sciences II         5 hours
This course will introduce specialized topics, such as, principles of molecular biology, pathophysiology, medical microbiology, and immunology including their interrelationships. Primary emphasis will be placed upon fundamental pathophysiological mechanisms underlying most clinically relevant physiological, biochemical and infectious diseases on a back-bone of molecular biology within a therapeutic framework.

PHRM 313             Pharmaceutics II                   4 hours
This course introduces sterile and non-sterile compounding, sterile dosage forms and delivery systems. The primary focus will be on the advantages and disadvantages of parenteral administration, stability and sterility testing and dating, including preparation, properties, and evaluation of semisolid and dispersion dosage forms. The lab component will allow students to practice compounding dosage form preparations, novel biotechnology preparations in the context of extemporaneous pharmaceutical compounding and sterile preparations.

PHRM 321             Introduction to Pharmacy II hours    3 hours
This course will continue the comprehensive overview of the pharmacy profession, with a focus on pharmacy and the health care delivery system.  An overview of the U.S. health care system will be provided, as well as discussions regarding the current and future role of pharmacy practice within this area.  Topics will include but not be limited to patient-centered care, practice management, patient safety issues, and advocacy.  Students will also continue to learn basic properties of the top 200 most commonly prescribed medications as well as medical terminology.  Students will have the opportunity to practice skills and concepts learned in this course during several sessions of Pharmacy Practice Lab II.

PHRM 324             Nonprescription Therapeutics          2 hours
The focus of this course is the pharmacotherapeutic use of over-the-counter (OTC) medications, including dietary supplements.  The course will introduce the student to issues surrounding the self-care decision making process.  Special emphasis will be placed on how pharmacists may assist patients in safely and effectively self-treating common medical problems and to recognize when self-care is inappropriate.  Home diagnostic tests, glucometers, and smoking cessation counseling/products are also discussed. This course will be paralleled by activities in PHRM 331 (Pharmacy Practice Lab II) and PHRM 370 (IPPE I) in which students gain interviewing and problem-solving skills as they apply concepts learned in Nonprescription Therapeutics lectures. 

PHRM 331             Pharmacy Practice Lab II                    1 hour
Pharmacy Practice Lab II is the second in a series of courses designed to provide students with practical experience to apply skills learned in didactic coursework. Students will engage in a variety of activities simulating professional practice scenarios. Lab will focus on pharmaceutical care principles, pharmaceutical knowledge, and professional techniques to solve medication related issues. Students will extemporaneously compound medications including both sterile and non-sterile products, a skill that provides patients and prescribers additional therapy options. Communication and teamwork skills will be practiced through patient counseling exercises and interprofessional group work. Students will be expected to demonstrate critical thinking and commitment to lifelong learning.

PHRM 370             IPPE I Community                 3 hours
This introductory community pharmacy practice experience course will develop students’ basic knowledge, professional identity and self-confidence in the area of community pharmacy. Under the supervision and guidance of pharmacy professionals, students will gain familiarity with all aspects of pharmacy practice in various community settings. Students will be expected to build on knowledge and skills gained during their first professional year of school, achieving standard competencies for the practice of pharmacy in the community setting bearing in mind that complete competence in all areas is not to be expected at this stage of the student’s education.

PHRM 450             IPT – Introduction                                4 hours
This course will introduce pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic principles necessary to develop and optimize clinically appropriate dosage regimens. The pharmacokinetics portion of the course will focus on techniques involved in quantitative processes associated with absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of drugs. Students will also develop a basic foundation in medication therapy management and will practice the general principles of case-based problem solving and a systematic approach to rational drug selection.

PHRM 451             IPT – Nervous System I                        4 hours
This course provides an integrated study of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to the neurologic disorders.

PHRM 452             IPT – Cardiovascular I                          4 hours
This course provides an integrated study of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to major cardiovascular diseases.

PHRM 430             Pharmacy Practice Lab III                   1 hour
A longitudinal integration of material from the Introduction to Integrated Pharmacotherapy and Integrated Pharmacotherapy Modules I - II, designed to prepare the student for management of patient care in a clinical setting. A study of the practical applications of pharmacy practice is presented with an emphasis on the use of patient charts, assessments, diagnostics, assessment of pharmacotherapy and patient education. Additional emphasis is placed on literature evaluation and the practice of evidence-based medicine.

PHRM 440             Patient Safety and Informatics           2 hours
This course will provide a more detailed examination of the medication distribution system and a systems-based approach to the management and prevention of medication errors.  Since technology serves a major role in patient safety, the areas of informatics and other relevant technologies will be introduced, discussed, and evaluated.

PHRM 441             Population Health Management                       2 hours
This course will introduce students to major social, behavioral, and economic principles in healthcare delivery.  Topics will include pharmacoeconomics, pharmacoepidemiology, health literacy, and cultural issues related to health care.  In addition, public health policies and advocacy will be discussed.

PHRM 453             IPT – Cardiovascular II                         3 hours
This course provides a continued integration of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to major cardiovascular diseases.

PHRM 454             IPT – Nervous System II                       4 hours
This course provides an integrated study of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to psychiatric disorders.

PHRM 455             IPT – Infectious Disease I                    3 hours
This course provides an integrated study of epidemiology, microbiology, pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, physical assessment, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, chemotherapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to infectious diseases.

PHRM 431             Pharmacy Practice Lab IV                   1 hour
This course provides a longitudinal integration of material from Integrated Pharmacotherapy Modules III - V, designed to prepare the student for management of patient care in a clinical setting. A study of the practical applications of pharmacy practice is presented with an emphasis on the use of patient charts, assessments, diagnostics, assessment of pharmacotherapy and patient education. Additional emphasis is placed on literature evaluation and the practice of evidence-based medicine.

PHRM 420             Drug Literature Evaluation                 2 hours
Drug Literature Evaluation builds on the foundational evidence-based medicine practice skills developed in Drug Information. Students will gain familiarity with medication use management strategies, multiple types of pharmacy-related study design, and the process of evaluating the clinical usefulness of a medication. Students will be expected to demonstrate superior critical thinking; synthesize information from multiple resources; and, write clearly, concisely, and professionally. By the end of the course, students should be able to comprehend, assess, and evaluate relevant primary literature and determine its potential impact on clinical practice.

PHRM 470             IPPE II Institutional                               3 hours
This introductory pharmacy practice course will develop student experience, professional identity, and self-confidence in the area of hospital or institutional pharmacy. Students will gain familiarity with common medications encountered in an inpatient setting, as well as the procedures required to distribute those medications throughout an institution in a legal, safe, and timely manner. During the experience, students will be expected to build on knowledge and skills learned during the two years of school, including medication order processing, healthcare systems, pharmacy-related technology, hospital/institution patient safety procedures, sterile product preparation, patient monitoring, medication reconciliation and patient counseling. By the end of the experience, the student will develop an understanding of internal and external “customers” as well as the current and future roles of pharmacy within collaborative, interdisciplinary healthcare practice.

PHRM 550             IPT – Endocrine & Reproductive                       4 hours
This course provides an integrated study of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to the endocrine and reproductive systems.

PHRM 551             IPT – Infectious Disease II                   3 hours
This course provides an continued integration of the epidemiology, microbiology, pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, physical assessment, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, chemotherapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to infectious diseases.

PHRM 552             IPT – Renal & Urologic                        2 hours
This course provides a continued integration of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to major urologic and renal diseases.

PHRM 553             IPT – Pulmonary & Critical Care        3 hours
This course provides an integrated study of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to the respiratory system and critical care issues.

PHRM 530             Pharmacy Practice Lab V                    1 hour
This course provides a longitudinal integration of material from Integrated Pharmacotherapy Modules VI - IX, designed to prepare the student for management of patient care in a clinical setting. A study of the practical applications of pharmacy practice is presented with an emphasis on the use of patient charts, assessments, diagnostics, assessment of pharmacotherapy and patient education. Additional emphasis is placed on literature evaluation and the practice of evidence-based medicine.

PHRM 540             Practice and Personnel Management              3 hours
This course will provide a focused examination of the role of the pharmacist as a leader and manager in various practice settings.  Management principles and topics will include leadership, planning and organization, personnel issues, practice strategies, business models, marketing, financial analysis, and advocacy.

PHRM 554             IPT – Gastrointestinal                          3 hours
This course provides an integrated study of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoepidemiology, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to the digestive system and nutrition therapy.

PHRM 555             IPT – Immune, Musculoskeletal, Integumentary                            3 hours
This course provides an integrated study of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to the immune, musculoskeletal, and integumentary systems.

PHRM 556             IPT – Hematology/Oncology              3 hours
Integrated Pharmacotherapy XII: Hematology and Oncology
This course provides an integrated study of epidemiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to the hematological system and neoplastic growths.

PHRM 557             IPT – Toxicology                                   2 hours
This course provides an integrated study of the basic principles of toxicology, clinical toxicology, toxicogenomics, various subspecialties of toxicology (e.g., food toxicology, environmental toxicology), including mechanisms of actions, and adverse effects of drugs and chemicals on the target organs. Clinical aspects will include interpretation drug screens, poisonings, poisoning management with antidotes and biosafety procedures. Strategies for managing natural and manmade disasters including bio-, chemical and nuclear terrorisms will be discussed.

PHRM 531             Pharmacy Practice Lab VI                   1 hour
This course provides a longitudinal integration of material from Integrated Pharmacotherapy Modules X - XIII, designed to prepare the student for management of patient care in a clinical setting. A study of the practical applications of pharmacy practice is presented with an emphasis on the use of patient charts, assessments, diagnostics, assessment of pharmacotherapy, and patient education. Additional emphasis is placed on literature evaluation and the practice of evidence-based medicine.

PHRM 541             Pharmacy Law                                      2 hours
This course focuses on the interpretation and application of laws and regulations pertaining to the practice of pharmacy.  Also, the course focuses on ethical issues surrounding pharmacy practice and how those issues intersect with applicable laws and regulations.   

PHRM 570             IPPE III Clinical                                       3 hours
This introductory pharmacy practice course will develop student experience, professional identity, and self-confidence in clinical pharmacy practice.  Students will practice in medication therapy management environments and other clinical settings.  Students will gain experience in typical clinical tasks and assignments that they will be expected to participate in during APPEs.

PHRM TBD             APPE - Community Pharmacy                            4 hours
The Community Pharmacy rotation is a 40-hour per week, 4-week on-site commitment in which students will perform numerous learning activities including interviewing patients, dispensing, monitoring, and counseling patients receiving pharmacy services in the community setting.

PHRM TBD             APPE - Institutional Pharmacy                            4 hours
The Institutional Pharmacy rotation is a 40-hour per week, 4-week on-site commitment in which the student learning activities include order entry, preparation of sterile products, error and adverse drug reaction reporting, and gathering and evaluating patient and drug-related information to identify drug therapy problems in the institutional pharmacy setting.

PHRM TBD             APPE - General Medicine I and II                      4 hours each
The General Medicine rotation is a 40-hour per week, 4-week on-site commitment in which students will perform numerous learning activities including monitoring patients (rounding) with the healthcare team, giving presentations, participating in journal clubs, providing drug information, and providing patient centered pharmacy care in the institutional setting.

PHRM TBD             Ambulatory Care I and II                     4 hours each
The Ambulatory Care rotation is a 40-hour per week, 4-week on-site commitment in which students will perform numerous learning activities including monitoring, interviewing and counseling patients, providing drug information, identifying drug-related problems, and making interventions to improve patient care in the ambulatory setting.

Service Learning
The College of Pharmacy’s service program is intended to promote a service learning philosophy and assist students in engaging with our community.  This program will be a non-credit-bearing progression requirement in the P1, P2, and P3 years of the Doctor of Pharmacy Curriculum.  All students must complete the required service learning activities in order to progress into the next professional year.  Required activities will include service time in the community, reflections, presentations, and attendance at service learning events on campus.  Each semester’s service activities will culminate in a Day of Service which will celebrate our students’ and faculty members’ service accomplishments.

Portfolio
The Manchester College School of Pharmacy requires students to maintain a personal e-portfolio as a means to document their progression and achievement of desired competencies or outcomes. This approach allows students to reflect on their own professional development and experiences. By providing an opportunity for students to reflect on key issues throughout the curriculum, students are able to provide evidence of personal and professional growth based on these experiences. The portfolio is part of a student’s professional development since it is individualized to present evidence of progression and mastery of the curricular outcomes. 

  Manchester University College of Pharmacy | 10627 Diebold Road | Fort Wayne, Indiana 46845
260-470-2700 | pharmacy@manchester.edu