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Course Descriptions

Course Descriptions

PHRM 310  Biomedical Sciences I   5 hours
The Biomedical Sciences sequence will cover various scientific disciplines with particular emphasis on their relationships to biochemistry, physiology, pathophysiology, and pharmacotherapeutic intervention.  In this course, essential topics in biochemistry, molecular biology, and medical microbiology will be discussed.

PHRM 312   Pharmaceutics I    4 hours
This course is designed to teach pharmaceutical calculations, physical pharmacy and preparation of various dosage forms. In pharmacy math part, students will learn mathematical calculations performed in a pharmacy setting. The pharmaceutics part will build a solid foundation for understanding how a drug product is delivered and how it works in the body. Students will be introduced to pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical considerations in the compounding of various dosage forms. The design, preparation, properties, and evaluation of solution dosage including incompatibilities and pertinent physical and chemical principles involving solubility and pH effects will be discussed. Students will learn the concepts and characteristics of various dosage forms, select the required excipients, and practice methods used in preparation and application of dosage forms. After completing this course, students will have the skills to prepare non-sterile liquid dosage forms for their future patients.

PHRM 320   Introduction to Pharmacy I    4 hours
This course will provide a comprehensive overview of the pharmacy profession, examining various aspects of the past, present, and future of pharmacy practice to provide students a global view of the pharmacy profession. The role of the pharmacist will be further defined through a variety of topics, including basic principles of pharmacy practice, professionalism, cultural competency, patient-centered care and education, pharmacy law, ethics, advocacy, and interprofessional issues. Students will have the opportunity to practice skills in these areas during Pharmacy Practice Lab I (PHRM 330).

PHRM 322   Drug Information    2 hours
Drug Information is designed to provide students with a foundation for an evidence-based approach to pharmacy practice in all settings. Students will gain familiarity with the types of drug literature and their uses, regulations of drug development and promotion, and a variety of drug information specialty practices. Students will be expected to demonstrate critical thinking and commitment to lifelong learning. By the end of the course, students should be able to identify and use appropriate drug information resources to systematically respond to basic requests for drug information from patients and healthcare professionals.

PHRM 323   Communications in Pharmacy Practice    2 hours
Communications in Pharmacy Practice is designed to provide students with the fundamental skills needed to effectively communicate with healthcare professionals and patients.  Students will engage in a variety of activities simulating professional practice scenarios.  Students will be expected to demonstrate proficiency in verbal, non-verbal, and written communication, as well as to continually self-assess these skills.  Students will also be expected to work collaboratively in teams.  Skills learned during this course will be reinforced and applied throughout the Doctor of Pharmacy curriculum.

PHRM 330   Pharmacy Practice Lab I     1 hour
Pharmacy Practice Lab I is the first in a series of courses designed to provide students with practical experience to apply skills learned in didactic course work.  Students will engage in a variety of activities simulating professional practice scenarios.  Lab will focus on applications of pharmaceutical care principles, pharmaceutical knowledge, and professional techniques to solve medication-related issues.  In addition, communication skills will be practiced through patient counseling exercises, presentations, group assignments, and written assignments.  It is expected that students will actively engage in lab sessions through various activities and simulations.  Students will also be expected to work collaboratively in teams. 

PHRM 311 Biomedical Sciences II 5 hours
This course is designed to provide a strong foundation in anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology and immunology. Pathophysiology will discuss clinically relevant concepts based on the principles of physiology, biochemistry and microbiology. Principles of immunology will focus on immunity and body’s self-defense mechanisms during host-microbe, host-immune factor and immune-microbe interactions. This module will advance the knowledge and understanding gained in Biomedical Sciences I, and a solid background in these areas, when integrated with clinical sciences, will provide basis for therapeutics in practice sciences.

PHRM 313 Pharmaceutics II 4 hours
This course is intended to give the student a basic knowledge of the pharmaceutical principles essential for the successful formulation, design, compounding and evaluation of dosage forms and drug delivery systems. This course will cover solution dosage forms (oral, nasal, ophthalmic, topical), parenteral delivery systems, solid dosage forms (capsules, tablets, oral controlled-release products), dosage forms applied to skin, and radiopharmaceuticals. An introduction to biotechnology preparations will also be provided. The student will gain background knowledge and skills necessary to apply biopharmaceutic principles to the selection and evaluation of drug products for use in patients. Emphasis will be placed on the various formulation and physiologic factors that affect drug response and absorption.

PHRM 321   Introduction to Pharmacy II    3 hours
This course will continue the comprehensive overview of the pharmacy profession, with a focus on pharmacy and the health care delivery system.  An overview of the U.S. health care system will be provided, as well as discussions regarding the current and future role of pharmacy practice within this area.  Topics will include but not be limited to patient-centered care, practice management, patient safety issues, and advocacy.  Students will also continue to learn basic properties of the top 200 most commonly prescribed medications as well as medical terminology.  Students will have the opportunity to practice skills an concepts learned in this course during several sessions of Pharmacy Practice Lab II.

PHRM 324   Nonprescription Therapeutics    2 hours
The focus of this course is the pharmacotherapeutic use of over-the-counter (OTC) medications, including dietary supplements.  The course will introduce the student to issues surrounding the self-care decision making process.  Special emphasis will be placed on how pharmacists may assist patients in safely and effectively self-treating common medical problems and to recognize when self-care is inappropriate.  Home diagnostic tests, glucometers, and smoking cessation counseling/products are also discussed. PHRM 324 will be paralleled by activities in PHRM 331 and PHRM 370 in which students gain interviewing and problem-solving skills as they apply concepts learned in Nonprescription Therapeutics classes. 

PHRM 370   IPPE I Community    3 hours
This introductory community pharmacy practice experience (IPPE1) course will help you develop basic knowledge, professional identity and self-confidence in the area of community pharmacy. Under the supervision and guidance of pharmacy professionals, you will gain familiarity with all aspects of pharmacy practice in various community settings. You are expected to build on knowledge and skills gained during your first professional year of college, achieving standard competencies for the practice of pharmacy in the community setting.

PHRM 331   Pharmacy Practice Lab II    1 hour
Pharmacy Practice Lab II is a combination of two skills:  pharmacy practice and pharmaceutics.  This is the second in a series of courses designed to provide students with practical experience to apply skills learned in didactic coursework. Students will engage in a variety of activities simulating professional practice scenarios. Lab will focus on pharmaceutical care principles, pharmaceutical knowledge, and professional techniques to solve medication related issues. In the pharmaceutics portion, students will extemporaneously compound medications including both sterile and non-sterile products. Communication and teamwork skills will be practiced through patient counseling exercises and interprofessional group work. Students will be expected to demonstrate critical thinking and commitment to lifelong learning.

PHRM 450   IPT – Introduction    4 hours
This course examines the basic principles and concepts underlying the science of pharmacology and its two principle sub-disciplines, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. These concepts establish much of the basis for the rational use of pharmacotherapeutic and chemotherapeutic agents. The influence of pharmacogenomic factors on pharmacological effects and the possibility of individualization of drug dosing based on pharmacogenetics is also discussed. The course emphasizes integration of concepts and application to both basic and clinical sciences.

PHRM 451   IPT – Nervous System I    4 hours
This course provides an integrated study of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to the neurologic disorders.

PHRM 452   IPT – Cardiovascular I    4 hours
This course provides an integrated study of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to major cardiovascular diseases, including: hypertension, dyslipidemia/atherosclerosis, heart failure, ischemic heart disease and angina. 

PHRM 430   Pharmacy Practice Lab III   1 hour
Pharmacy Practice Lab III is a longitudinal integration of material from both past courses and concurrent fall classes designed to prepare the student for management of patient care in a clinical setting. A study of the practical applications of pharmacy is presented with an emphasis on the use of patient charts, assessments, diagnostics, critique of pharmacotherapy and patient education.  Additional emphasis is placed on literature evaluation and the practice of evidence-based medicine.

PHRM 440   Healthcare Safety and Informatics    2 hours
Healthcare Safety and Informatics is designed to provide students with the necessary knowledge and skills to protect the safety of patients and other individuals encountering the healthcare system. Students will gain familiarity with the tools, with special emphasis on informatics and technology, needed to improve the safety in a variety of healthcare settings. Students will be expected to demonstrate critical thinking and develop the attitudes needed to advocate for safe practices. By the end of the course, students should be able to effectively minimize, identify, report, and evaluate medication errors and adverse drug events.

PHRM 441   Population Health Management    2 hours
Pharmacists are an integral part of the health care system. Their central role in the health of the population demands of pharmacists an awareness of public health issues and their root causes; the ability to identify how the profession can contribute to public health; the knowledge of where to find information about a variety of public health issues; and the ability to serve in proactive leadership roles. This course is an organized introduction to the vast field of public health and aims to spark students’ imagination on meaningful ways of contributing to the health of the population through the art and science of the profession of pharmacy.

PHRM 453   IPT – Cardiovascular II     3 hours
This course provides a continued integration of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to major cardiovascular diseases. PHRM 453 will be associated with activities in PHRM 451 in which students will use problem-solving skills to apply concepts learned in this course.

PHRM 454    IPT – Nervous System II    4 hours
This course provides an integrated study of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to psychiatric disorders.

PHRM 455    IPT – Infectious Disease I     3 hours
This course provides an integrated study of epidemiology, microbiology, pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, physical assessment, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, chemotherapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to infectious diseases. PHRM 454 will be associated with activities in PHRM 431 in which students will use problem-solving skills to apply concepts learned in this course.  

PHRM 431    Pharmacy Practice Lab IV    1 hour
Pharmacy Practice Lab IV is a longitudinal integration of material from both past courses and concurrent spring classes and will provide students with the opportunity to practice a variety of pharmacy practice skill sets. Students will engage in activities simulating professional practice scenarios through the use of peer-teaching, faculty-student interactions and demonstration, student interactions with standardized patients, and a variety of activities focusing on pharmacy-specific and inter-professional frameworks. Students will be expected to demonstrate critical thinking and lifelong learning techniques through a variety of activities that correspond to didactic lessons in Integrated Pharmacotherapy (IPT) courses (Nervous System II, Cardiovascular II, Infectious Diseases I), Drug Literature Evaluation, and elements of IPPE II (institutional practice). Skills learned during this course will be reinforced and applied during the IPPE experience as well as throughout the Doctor of Pharmacy curriculum.

PHRM 420     Drug Literature Evaluation    2 hours
Drug Literature Evaluation builds on the foundational evidence-based medicine practice skills developed in Drug Information. Students will gain familiarity with medication use management strategies, multiple types of pharmacy-related study design, and the process of evaluating the clinical usefulness of a medication. Students will be expected to demonstrate superior critical thinking; synthesize information from multiple resources; and, write clearly, concisely, and professionally. By the end of the course, students should be able to comprehend, assess, and evaluate relevant primary literature and determine its potential impact on clinical practice.

PHRM 470    IPPE II Institutional     3 hours
This introductory institutional pharmacy practice experience (IPPE II) course will develop students’ basic knowledge, professional identity and self-confidence in the area of institutional pharmacy. Under the supervision and guidance of pharmacy professionals, students will gain familiarity with all aspects of pharmacy practice in selected institutional settings. Students will be expected to build on knowledge and skills gained during their first professional year of school, achieving standard competencies for the practice of pharmacy in the institutional setting bearing in mind that competence at a mastery level in all areas is not to be expected at this stage of the student’s education.

PHRM 550    IPT – Endocrine & Reproductive     4 hours
This course provides an integrated study of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to the endocrine and reproductive systems.

PHRM 551   IPT – Infectious Disease II    3 hours
This course provides an integrated study of epidemiology, microbiology, pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, physical assessment, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, chemotherapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to infectious diseases.  The emphasis of this course will be infectious diseases that are caused by fungi and viruses.

PHRM 552    IPT – Renal & Urologic    2 hours
This course provides a continued integration of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to major renal and urologic disorders.

PHRM 553   IPT – Pulmonary & Critical Care    3 hours
This course provides an integrated study of epidemiology, microbiology, pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, physical assessment, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, chemotherapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to pulmonary and critical care medicine.

PHRM 530    Pharmacy Practice Lab V    1 hour
Pharmacy Practice Lab V will provide students with the opportunity to practice a variety of pharmacy practice skill sets. Students will engage in activities simulating professional practice scenarios through the use of peer-teaching, faculty-student interactions and demonstration, student interactions with standardized patients, and a variety of activities focusing on pharmacy-specific and inter-professional frameworks.

PHRM 540   Practice and Personnel Management     3 hours
This course will provide a focused examination of the role of the pharmacist as a leader and manager in various practice settings.  Management principles and topics will include leadership, planning and organization, personnel issues, practice strategies, business models, marketing, financial analysis, and advocacy.

PHRM 554   IPT – Gastrointestinal    3 hours
This course provides an integrated study of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoepidemiology, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to the digestive system and nutrition therapy.

PHRM 555   IPT – Immune, Musculoskeletal, Integumentary    3 hours
This course provides an integrated study of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to the immune and integumentary systems.

PHRM 556   IPT – Hematology/Oncology    3 hours
This course provides an integrated study of epidemiology, pathophysiology, physical assessment, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology & pharmacogenomics, therapeutics, clinical pharmacokinetics, patient care, alternative/complementary therapies, pharmacoeconomics, medication use in special populations, and review of pertinent drug literature as they relate to the hematological system and neoplastic growths.

PHRM 557   IPT – Toxicology    2 hours
This course provides an integrated study of the basic principles of toxicology, clinical toxicology, toxicogenomics, various subspecialties of toxicology (e.g., food toxicology, environmental toxicology), including mechanisms of actions, and adverse effects of drugs and chemicals on the target organs. Clinical aspects will include interpretation drug screens, poisonings, poisoning management with antidotes and biosafety procedures. Strategies for managing natural and manmade disasters including bio-, chemical and nuclear terrorisms will be discussed.

PHRM 531   Pharmacy Practice Lab VI   1 hour
Pharmacy Practice Lab VI will provide students with the opportunity to practice a variety of pharmacy practice skill sets. Students will engage in activities simulating professional practice scenarios through the use of peer-teaching, faculty-student interactions and demonstration, student interactions with standardized patients, and a variety of activities focusing on pharmacy-specific and inter-professional frameworks.

PHRM 541    Pharmacy Law    2 hours
This course focuses on the interpretation and application of laws and regulations pertaining to the practice of pharmacy.  Also, the course focuses on ethical issues surrounding pharmacy practice and how those issues intersect with applicable laws and regulations.

PHRM 522     Advanced Clinical Skills     3 hours
This course will put the students through nationally developed certification programs in Medication Therapy Management, Diabetes, and Anticoagulation.  Students will complete out-of-class preparation for these courses and do the didactic portion in the classroom.  For each certification, students will perform standardized patient encounters to practice and demonstrate mastery of the skills.

PHRM TBD    APPE I - Community Pharmacy    4 hours
The Community Pharmacy rotation is a 40-hour per week, 4-week on-site commitment in which students will perform numerous learning activities including interviewing patients, dispensing, monitoring, and counseling patients receiving pharmacy services in the community setting.

PHRM TBD APPE - Institutional Pharmacy 4 hours
The Institutional Pharmacy rotation is a 40-hour per week, 4-week on-site commitment in which the student learning activities include order entry, preparation of sterile products, error and adverse drug reaction reporting, and gathering and evaluating patient and drug-related information to identify drug therapy problems in the institutional pharmacy setting.

PHRM TBD    APPE - General Medicine I and II    4 hours each
The General Medicine rotation is a 40-hour per week, 4-week on-site commitment in which students will perform numerous learning activities including monitoring patients (rounding) with the healthcare team, giving presentations, participating in journal clubs, providing drug information, and providing patient centered pharmacy care in the institutional setting.

PHRM TBD    Ambulatory Care I and II     4 hours each
The Ambulatory Care rotation is a 40-hour per week, 4-week on-site commitment in which students will perform numerous learning activities including monitoring, interviewing and counseling patients, providing drug information, identifying drug-related problems, and making interventions to improve patient care in the ambulatory setting.

Course Descriptions – Elective

PHRM 480    Advanced Compounding     1 hour
In this elective course, students will reinforce concepts of various pharmaceutical compounding techniques and concepts from compounding labs in P1 year and apply pharmaceutical principles to real-world problems. Students will gain advanced knowledge and skills used in the extemporaneous preparation of dosage forms not covered in the P1 labs. As a result of this course, students will be able to use important pharmaceutical compounding techniques, design compounding protocols, and search patient counseling information independently. This course will utilize a problem-based, interactive-instructional approach.

PHRM 481    Book Club: Empathy and Chronic Disease     1 hour
This professional elective course is designed to provide the pharmacy student with an introduction to various disease states while addressing attitudes and concerns of patients.  The purpose of the course is to develop the concepts of compassion and empathy for those with a chronic illness and those caring for these individuals.

PHRM 482    Independent Research      1 - 3 hours
This elective course is designed to allow students to pursue research interests and become familiar with techniques used in research of discovery, integration, application, and/or scholarship of teaching and learning.  In collaboration with a faculty research mentor, each student will select an appropriate research problem and work towards its solution.

PHRM 483    Introduction to Leadership      1.5 hours
This elective course is designed to provide students with an opportunity to build on the core curriculum in areas related to leadership. Theories and practices pertaining to leadership are reviewed and expanded upon using a variety of readings, case studies for application, and projects. Students will develop greater self-knowledge, learn ways to work with others, and apply leadership principles to current pharmacy and healthcare situations.              

PHRM 484    Introduction to Research Methodology     2 hours
This elective course will give an overview of research design and methodology applicable to the health sciences.  Emphasis will be on understanding common quantitative and qualitative study designs and basic elements of the research process; evaluating research design and methodology and ethical issues within healthcare research; and developing, writing, and presenting research proposals.

PHRM 485    Physical Pharmacology     2 hours
Physical Pharmacology is a didactic elective course designed to explain physiological and pharmacological structures and functions in terms of fundamental physical and chemical principles. The course focuses on development and use of unified concepts and models that offer simple descriptions of apparently complex systems and rational explanations for seemingly arbitrary and chaotic processes.

PHRM 486    Principles of Clinical & Experimental Toxicology     2 hours
This elective course (part didactic and part laboratory) will discuss principles of organ toxicology, clinical toxicology, toxicity testing, and measurement of quantitative/qualitative end-points of toxicity. The lecture portion will involve discussion on mechanisms of drug or chemical-induced organ injury, various molecular mechanisms of cell injury and cell death, and toxicogenomics. The laboratory portion will cover serum chemistry analysis, histopathology and some biochemical assays. Knowledge gained in this course will significantly enhance understandings of toxic effects of a variety of drugs and toxicity assessment strategies that can be used during pharmacy practice.       

Service Learning
The College of Pharmacy’s service program is intended to promote a service learning philosophy and assist students in engaging with our community.  This program will be a non-credit-bearing progression requirement in the P1, P2, and P3 years of the Doctor of Pharmacy Curriculum.  All students must complete the required service learning activities in order to progress into the next professional year.  Required activities will include service time in the community, reflections, presentations, and attendance at service learning events on campus.  Each semester’s service activities will culminate in a Day of Service which will celebrate our students’ and faculty members’ service accomplishments.

Portfolio
The College of Pharmacy requires students to maintain a personal e-portfolio as a means to document their progression and achievement of desired competencies or outcomes. This approach allows students to reflect on their own professional development and experiences. By providing an opportunity for students to reflect on key issues throughout the curriculum, students are able to provide evidence of personal and professional growth based on these experiences. The portfolio is part of a student’s professional development since it is individualized to present evidence of progression and mastery of the curricular outcomes. 

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