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Full listing > Accession MC2011/233
Accession #MC2011/233
TopicCivilian Public Service: Photographs and Publications in the Francis Barr Collection
TitleBarr, Francis: CPS Collection
SubtitleCPS Photographs and Publications
LocationLarge Box #119
CitationBarr, Francis: CPS Collection, MC2011/233, Archives and Church of the Brethren Collection, Funderburg Library, Manchester University, North Manchester, Indiana.
AccessResearchers are responsible for determining copyright status of archived materials where this is relevant to their intended use of the materials.
ProvenanceFrancis Barr presented these materials to Julie Garber for inclusion in the Archives
Scope and Content

Portraits of the cast of the play,The Seagull, by Anton Chekhov. Pictured are: Bob Constable, Goldie Bock, John Land, Charlie Ghent, Hildegarde Earle, Isabel Mount, Don Kirshner, Kemit Sheets, Tom Miller, Eunice Picone, Men's Dressing Room, Women's Dressing Room, Lila McCray.

Photographs from the production of The Seagull, by Anton Chekhov. Acts I, 2, 3, and 4.

1945, photographs and postcard from a typical pneumonia guinea pig experiement.

Postcard from Holly Inn, Pinehurst, North Carolina. "May 15, 1945 - July 6, 1945, Room 302, "Atypical Pneumonia Guinea Pig Experiment." Atypical pneumonia means NOT TYPICAL pneumonia.

The "Boss," Major Abernathey.

Innoculation Day.

Nurse with face mask.


Two young men with face masks.

Tented rooms out-of-doors.

People with tented rooms.

Table with face masks and one man in face mask and another with some type of beaker held to his mouth.

Man in a chair in a bedroom holding some type of "weaving?" labeled "Pinehurst, 1945."

Young man in tented room with something being put into his mouth.

Young men, one in gown, all wtih masks, outside tented rooms and outdoor table.

Man in bed with nurse taking pulse.

Photograph of grounds with car.

Man and woman standing outside of building.

Picture of Pinehurst with man sitting with legs hanging out of window.

Man "sliding" down column and man in window.

Photograph of room.

Picture of men with masks at the base of the lodge and one man without mask sitting on second floor of building.

Picture of men in windows.

Picture of men and women (possibly nurses).

Photograph of two women in summer clothing (swimming suits or shorts?).

A picture of what appears to be a woman donning a gown and mask.

Man in mask and gown helping a masked guinea pig into a gown.

Picture of men in masks on the grounds of Pinehurst.

Photograph of room with pictures on the dresser.

Men looking out windows.

Waldport CPS Camp #56, 1944. These photographs include:

Francis Barr, David Jackson, Johnny Johnson, Warren Sanger, Don Filmore, A. J. R. Penny, Earnie Barr, Harry McNary, Lloyd Brandt, Olie Olson, camp photograph, Jim Gallaghan, postcard from Bull Moose (Warren Sanger), Don filmore and his 1932(?) Chevy, typical bunk.

The Beginning of Wisdom, a One-Act Play by David Jackson and Louie Kolenda.  Article written by Francis Barr about this play and the play productions at CPS camps.  Biographical material about David Jackson is included in the article. "John Ellison" says this is a jewel.

Program and script for The Seagull, by Anton Chekhov.

The Mikado in CPS, written and designed by Kermit Sheets, published by The Illiterati at Waldport, Oregon in February, 1945.  A re-write of the Mikado CPS style.

"Will You Starve That They Be Better Fed? a booklet describing the starvation experiment of the Laboratory of Physiological Hygiene at the University of Minnesota, Angel Keys, Ph D., Director.

The Reporter, Vol. V, No. 7, March 1947. This includes an article about Russian Mennonite CO's who in 1930 were permitted to do civilian work in lieu of military service.

"The Compass," An Instrument of Direction, Published by men in Civilian Public Service, Summer and Fall, 1944.

Smoke Jumper, dedicated "To our comrades in Civilian Public Service --- in the base camps, in the hospitals, on the farms, serving as guinea pigs---we respectfully dedicate this, our Smoke Jumper bi-annual."  This issue focuses on the torturous training required to be a smoke jumper.

Draft of Interview with Francis Barr by Jeanine Wine.


Date of Accession28 December 2011
Bio History Note

No restrictions are noted.

Jeanine Wine interviewed MC alumnus, Francis Barr, 19 January 2012. A copy of this interview and related materials can be found in the Large Alumni Box: Barr, Francis. 

Portions of the interview follows:

Francis was drafted into the military before commencement while still in High School.  He had been set back a year in school because of his bad eyes.  At the time he was drafted he had finished his course work and was able to graduate before leaving home.  Francis was a member of the Church of the Brethren and responded to the draft by becoming a conscientious objector.   He entered Manchester College after his work in CPS.

Francis said that one did not need to join the military.  A man could petition his draft board for a 4E classification, that of a Conscientious Objector.  Even being a CO was considered by some to be “cooperation with the system” and some men did not like this.  General Louis B. Hershey understood this problem and was offered a generous understanding to the group.

The Brethren, Mennonite and Quakers approached the U.S. government and spoke with U. S. General Hershey in order to explain their convictions about peace.  The historic peace churches volunteered to send their men to do logistical work behind the scenes of war, not related to killing, if the government would approve this type of alternative service. 

Many types of men joined CPS.  Not all men belonged to the historic peace churches (Church of the Brethren, Mennonites or Quakers).  Some men were not religious but refused to participate in war because of other convictions.

 Francis entered service as a conscientious objector through the Civilian Public Service camp at Waldport, Oregon, which specialized in forest service.  Waldport was operated by the Brethren Service Commission.  Waldport men built roads, fought forest fires and maintained the physical operation of the camp itself.  Each camp had its own personality.  Waldport was noted for attracting a group of people who were interested in the Arts.  It was known for the visual arts as well as for music, drama and writing.  A man at one camp could ask for a transfer to another, and if there was an opening, the man could go!

At Waldport there was a printing press and a music library with records.  A string quartet was formed, although a clarinet had to be enlisted to play the part of the Second Violin.  After dinner, the famous violinist, Broadus Earle, and his wife, Hildegard, accompanying on a beaten-up piano in the dining hall, would play for their colleagues.

Camp Waldport had other advantages.  Tourist cabins with an ocean view were located across the road to the camp.  Here, wives and girlfriends could stay close to their husbands and loved ones.



Archivist NoteDescription prepared 28 December 2011 by Jeanine M. Wine

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