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Full listing > Accession MC2006/13: Schwalm's Confidential Files - Folders 62-104
Accession #MC2006/13: Schwalm's Confidential Files - Folders 62-104
TopicSchwalm, Vernon: Correspondence Folders 62-104,
TitleVernon Schwalm: Correspondence Folders 62-104
SubtitlePresident's Files
LocationSchwalm, Vernon: Correspondence Folders - Large Box area 176
CitationVernon Schwalm: Correspondence Folders 62-104, MC2006/13: Schwalm's Confidential Files - Folders 62-104, Archives and Church of the Brethren Collection, Funderburg Library, Manchester University, North Manchester, Indiana.
AccessResearchers are responsible for determining copyright status of archived materials where this is relevant to their intended use of the materials.
ProvenanceCollection of the Archives, from the President's Attic, see original accession page from 2006 [MC2006/13]
Scope and Content

Folder Number 62 -  Paragraph of appreciation from the Seniors of Manchester College, the Class of 1927, to Dean Schwalm for untiring efforts in helping us with the many difficulties of our college career. The Seniors offer their sincere wishes for Schwalm’s success as he leaves Manchester for a new field of service. The letter is signed by individuals in the Class of 1927.

Folder Number 63 – 21 April 1927 – Letter from C. H. Shamberger to Schwalm.  It appears as if Schwalm asked Shamberger’s opinion about taking the appointment at McPherson.  Shamberger outlines D. W. Kurtz’s strengths and weaknesses and highlights Schwalm’s qualifications.

Folder Number 64 -  Student  letter of support to Schwalm as he enters the presidency at McPherson College.  Signatures attached.

Folder Number 65 – Letters of congratulations and support as Schwalm becomes president of McPherson College. [ R. E. Mohler, J. J. Yoder, Burton Metzler, Roy Blough, P. C. Hiebert of Sterling College, Kansas and Fred Replogle].

Folder Number 66 – Schwalm is congratulated upon his appointment to the State Board of Education [Kansas]. 5 March 1940 letter Schwalm is re-elected President of McPherson for another five years. 25 December 1929 Christmas greeting signed by the McPherson faculty – We appreciate your conscientious devotion to administrative responsibilities and your considerate interest in every department of the work and life of the college.  This spirit is so contagious that we are cordially with you in co-operative effort to make and keep McPherson College a School of Quality.

Folder Number 67 – Report concerning the boys dormitory project at McPherson College.

Folder Number 68 – Schwalm’s 1940 President’s Report at McPherson College.

Folder Number 69 – 1.  Farewell letters as Schwalm leaves McPherson to assume the presidency at Manchester College. [W. A. Kinzie, Pastor, Morrill, Kansas, John Heffelfinger, Superintendent of Newton City School, Newton, Kansas].  2.  Letters to friends and colleagues at McPherson such as the 1947 letter to Ernest Wall 3.  1971 correspondence to and from Raymond Flory at McPherson College that includes background material on the reorganization of the State Board of Education.

Folder Number 70 – The McPherson College Address, delivered by President Schwalm to the Church at McPherson, Kansas on 9 February 1936.

Folder Number 71 – Document of congratulations sent by Indiana University at the time of Schwalm’s inauguration as President at Manchester College.

Folder #72 – Manchester College alumna, Geno Beery, M.D. – sends her congratualtions to one of her friends and class mates.

Folder Number 73 – Letters of congratulations and appreciation over Schwalm becoming President of Manchester College

Folder Number 74

Inauguration program, 1941 for the events surrounding Schwalm’s inauguration as Manchester College President, with printings of Schwalm’s address, “The Opportunity of the Christian College and addresses of educators delivered at the Conference on Higher Education. 

The short version of the Inauguration Program for Schwalm’s inauguration, 8 November 1941.

Program for, “The 250th Anniversary, Love Feast, Holy Communion, 1 January 1958 at The Mother Church in America, Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Program and booklet commemorating the dedication of the J. M. Blough memorial Education Building, Sebring , Florida, 1968.


Folder Number 75 – Carl Holl – Dean of Manchester College – Correspondence as Schwalm assumes role of presidency – Further Correspondence - Tribute-  Letters span 1927:

10 March 1941 – Schwalm to Holl – Refers to Cordier not taking position at McPherson.

24 August 1942 – Holl to Schwalm.

Letter from Holl (Columbus, Ohio) probably to Schwalm (University of Chicago) debating whether to come to Manchester College as a teacher or to seek employment elsewhere for a greater salary?

13 February 1950 - Resignation of Dr. Holl.

6 January 1950 – Holl to continue as Head of the Placement Bureau until 1 September 1950.


Tribute to Dr. Carl W. Holl by Vernon F. Schwalm.

1958 letter of recognition by Schwalm to Holl, congratulating Holl on the honor obtained through the Manufacturing Chemists Association.


Folder Number 76 – Manchester College Related Materials, including but not limited to:

27 April 1955 – letter from student, G. Tisor, regarding the behavior of students on campus - student life.

15 July 1955 letter from Paul Bowman, Director of Admissions, Manchester College.

14 July 1955 letter from David Yeatter, Treasurer of Manchester College.

Folder Number 76 b - Graph – comparing overall college attendance –with attendance in the area of Science – and attendance in the areas of Science and Math, 1910 – 1960.

Eagle Creek Ohio Church of the Brethren – questionnaire, “Where do Our Young People Go To College and Why?” – report for the years 1939 – 1943.

Edward Lyons, Pastor, Church of the Brethren, Burnettsville, Indiana, 1955 – letter to Wilma Nolt, Deputation Chairman, Manchester College, praising the work of the deputation team and the sermon delivered by Harold Showalters.

Letter of inquiry, 1947 – does Manchester College offer travel tours?

G. A. Layman, 1956, correspondence regarding the names of the oldest Manchester College alumni.

Mrs. Wayne Larimer (Lois Larimer) regarding criticism of the College in the areas of being “Christian,” drinking and smoking, and dancing.

Letter from Schwalm (President), 1947, to Dean Schwalm (student) regarding mix-up of mail.

Folder 76c – Multicultural Concerns:

Dorothy Smith, 1947 – funding of scholarships for international students.

Felice Schwartz, College Scholarship Fund for Negro Students, 1947 – Schwalm explains the scholarship policy and the approximate number of black students attending Manchester in the present and past.


Folder 76d – Lola Sanger, 1947, concerns from the Business Office. Wilbur Dunbar writes during WWII about opportunities of strengthening the College’s student body by reaching out through adult education night classes, creating scholarships for certain groups such as African-Americans and Japanese, extension work in C.P.S. camps, forming “Good Neighbor Scholarships,” establishing a graduate degree program….Dunbar ends by saying…President Schwalm, this isn’t a crisis – this is an opportunity.  We’re living in a great age – war or no war.  Let’s not draw in our hands – let’s stick ‘em out!

Folder 76e – 1947 correspondence with the Sixth United States Civil Service Region, C. E. Snyder, Acting Regional Director regarding a proposed Joint College-Federal Service Council to be established within the Sixth Civil Service Region, comprising the States of Indiana, Ohio and Kentucky.


Folder Number 77a –Manchester College Board of Trustees –Trustees Committee Meeting Folder – [1941 – 1946], Reports and correspondence –W. S. Barnhart, Secretary - Norman Wine, Chairman - Materials including but not limited to the following:

30 September 1941 – Barnhart talks about Winger and a letter written to Winger by the Trustees – There is, of course, much that is tragic in the fact and in the nature of his retirement and we all have the utmost sympathy for him.

17 December 1946 – Contract with the U.S. government for the cafeteria and other equipment from the Federal Works Agency.

25 December 1942 – Schwalm to Barnhart – Calving Ulrey died 25 December at 3:00 A.M. Resignation of Dan Boyer.

26 December 1942 – Barnhart to Schwalm regarding the death of Calvin Ulrey.

10 November 1944 regarding Mrs. Ulrey and the development of the historical and seminary room.

11 November 1944 – Mrs. Miriam Ulrey invited to sit with the Board of Trustees in meetings, enter into discussions, and to make suggestions.

Salaries for professors, faculty appointments, mention of gas rationing, student enrollment, the case of R. H. Miller (1944), the college’s response to the war effort (including the government’s use of colleges for military instruction?)

3 June 1943 – Resignation of Carl Burt.

3 August 1943 – Schwalm to Barnhart – J. H. Mathis and work for the Civilian Public Service program.

1943 - Resignation of Professor Edwin Grossnickle.

1942 - Resignation of Carman Blough.

1942 – Winger Memorial Fine Arts Building.

Folder Number 77b

G. Shull – Regarding “Students for Federal World Government,” 1946.

Dale Strickler – Expense and financial correspondence related to Manchester College, 1947.

Social Science Core Proposals – curricular studies – 1967.


Folder Number 78 – Orrel Little writes 27 July 1956 – Before you drop your official title, let me thank you again, President Schwalm, for your kindnesses to me the past ten years.  I enjoyed working for you.  May the months and years ahead be happy ones for you.

Folder Number 79 – Correspondence from assistants, secretaries, etc. Letters of appreciation and recommendation.  Gertrude Wiebe, Brombeck, Kathleen , (Gerry)  Gertrude Sommer, Nancy Stoner.

Folder Number 80 – March 1942 – thank you letter from the Conkling’s (Fred Conkling) to the Schwalms regarding their grief over the loss of Bob.


Folder Number 81 Post World War II Chapel Address by Schwalm – circa 1945 – “The President’s Message” –with emphasis on the housing shortage.  He mentions 25 trailer houses being moved onto campus for married veterans and announces plans to build a new dormitory for men.  He talks about the rise in student enrollment as  (1) veterans (2)  those deferred for war work (3) international students (4)  C.P.S. men – come to campus.


Folder Number 82 – Public Relations Company – Hugo Wagenseil and Associated, 1947.


Folder Number 83a – CONFIDENTIAL – Student incidents – Schwalm’s interest in students, including:

Letter from father of returning G. I. – 1947.

Folder  Number 83b – CONFIDENTIAL – Special situations – students and others. Shoemaker.


Folder Number 84 - Tribute to L. D. Ikenberry by Schwalm – also see folder #56 (7 May 1942 letter from Winger to Schwalm) for another perspective by Winger.


Folder Number 85 – Schwalm’s correspondence with Norman Wine (primarily college related) and Grace Wine (family related). 

8 April 1955 – Norman Wine concerned about Schwalm’s feelings regarding the presidential search – Just like when Brother Winger was President, some of the eager beavers got things stirred up and caused a situation which needlessly hurt Brother Winger. If they only let time work out the problem, I feel he would have been spared the feeling which he had. Wine mentions the Alumni Association and their involvement in the search.

9 April 1955 – Schwalm states that his resignation was given in the summer of 1954 and that he is serving at the request of the trustees.  Schwalm feels as if the Alumni association is trying to offer to much voice in the selection of the next president.

2 May 1955 – An incident involving male students playing a prank on the night watchman in which they caught the watchman, tied him to a chair in the hall in the administration building and went upstairs and rang the chimes.

12 March 1942 – Schwalm writes that We are being besieged to give all sorts of work preparatory to the war effort.  Some of it involves giving certain courses that we have always given.  But we try to work out with boys a program that will prepare them for the Navy.  For instance, I am mailing you under separate cover a bulletin of information for institutions of higher education which outlines preparation that boys need to make to get ready for certain services in the navy.  You understand, of course, that many of our boys do go into military service as many of them are not Brethren.

31 July 1942 –  The Army and navy have approached all colleges and universities of America with a program that presents peculiar problems to the administration of Manchester College. The government offers to defer for the duration of their college course young men who enlist in any of five branches of service in the army or the navy with a view of becoming officers.

MUCH  discussion around the situation at Manchester College during World War II and the institution’s involvement with the military.

27 January 1944 – Schwalm announces resignation of L. M. Fish and 2  February 1944 response by Wine.

3 December 1943 – Bonuses and salary of A. Cordier.

29 May 1943 – Schwalm announces resignation of Coach Burt and the retirement of L. D. Ikenberry.

8 January 1943 – Resignation of D. W. Boyer.

27 February 1943 – Clay Syler and Mrs. Calvin Ulrey’s response to Syler’s nomination as a trustee.

30 December 1942 – Boyer’s resignation and Calvin Ulrey’s death.

December 9, 1941 – Sudden attack upon the United States (Pearl Harbor) and what might be done for the college students.


Folder Number 86 – T. Wayne Reiman – Correspondence with Schwalm, including 17 September 1948 letter welcoming Tim as a new employee on campus. 

Folder Number 87 – L. W. Shultz – Manchester College librarian and brother-in-law to Otho Winger.

·         1947 letter questioning that amount he might pay for a 1743 Sauer, First Edition bible?

·         November 1947 - Minutes of the Church of the Brethren Historical Committee for the Three Districts of Indiana in which revision of the Winger, History of the Church of the Brethren in Indiana, was discussed.

·         12 November 1946 letter from Shultz as seagoing cowboy describing their ship, the William S. Halsted, being involved in a collision with a tanker.  L. W. mentions that he is learning to know his son, Carl, better on the trip.  Shultz also is concerned that Manchester College remains a Brethren school, fearlessly presenting Brethren ideals, etc. 

·         9 December 1946 – Schwalm responds to Schultz’s concerns saying – In the sense that Goshen is a Mennonite college, Manchester has not been a Brethren college for twenty years.  We departed from that about 1925-1926.  I saw it happen and I am sure you did, too. President Winger tried to hold to Brethren ideals but a large per cent of the students did not share those ideals then, and some do not now.  I am sure you know what I mean.

·         More Indian Lore, by Lamb and Shultz, that includes an article about Medford Neher, the artist of the Brethren history mural at Camp Mack.  The publication revolves around L. W. Shultz including quotations that he admired, his credo, words by Toyhiko Kagawa, and topics including: a retrospective of Brethren Tours, the history behind L. W.’s interest in books, the Calvin Ulrey Seminar Historical Library at Manchester, church histories, genealogies, books authored by Shultz and those he has furthered, church histories – as well as a section on Native American influence in Indiana.  L. W. goes on to talk about his interest in collecting dolls, photographs and slides, quotes, and prized items.  Page 134. Otho Winger’s sister is L. W. Shultz’s wife.

·         postcard, 1967.


Folder Number 88a – Clyde Holsinger – 1961 and 1966 letters. Your comment about my “growth and professional skill” in a sense can come back home to you because when you visited me in New Lebanon, Ohio, you gave me the “push” to continue my training.  I am grateful that the push was given.

Folder Number 89 –  Alumni correspondence Albert Tornquist coming to Alumni gathering. Floyd Cripe letter (1967) about the Class of 1921 - Club 21 materials.  Letter by Roy Blough , member of Club 21 regarding higher education.

Folder Number 88b – Mt. Morris and Manchester Alumni Association letters signed by James Garber (1971), Gilbert Weldy (1966), Garrett Eppley (1967), Eppley note of support to Schwalm (1967) and R. H. Miller (1971).

Folder Number 88c

·         Correspondence with Mr. Schutz, 1947, wife of professor and politician Raymond Shutz regarding alumni events, 1947.

·         Letters to Walter Scholar, 1946, regarding the building of the dormitory and inquiries about the cost of drawing up plans for a science building or chapel.

·         Merlin Shull – 1947 – expenses related to Deputation work and 1946 card from Shull [Brethren Service Committee]to Schwalm regarding students, F. Younker and B. Kintner, who might have interest in the healing profession.


Folder Number 90 – Etta Oppenheim and Isaac Oppenheim and their gift to the College (1955 correspondence).


Folder Number 91a – Correspondence between students and Schwalm in Civilian Public Service (C.P.S.) or in military service, circa 1943.

World War II –Draft of War Time Policies At Manchester College. Copies of the War Time Policy that was announced in chapel and that might have been published in the early days of World War II.

“Manchester College and the War,” by Vernon F. Schwalm. (World War II)

Correspondence with the Veterans Administration , December 1947 regarding application for approval by the V.A. to make changes of courses under Public Law 346. A counseling service is discussed.

News Letter from Manchester College, December, 1944 – We know it’s different where you are, but we want to let you know we’re thinking of you.  And so, some of the professors have contributed messages for you: President Schwalm, A. R. Eikenberry, Professor and Mrs. Conkling, Professosr C. S. Morris, Carl Burt. Updates on Winfred Eikenberry,  and Lt. Charles Koller with excerpts from letters received from Russell Leazenby (experimental subject at the Unviersity hospital, Ann Arbor, Michigan), Ens. W. R. (Kentucky Bill) Jones (New Guinea), Morris Hultz (Burma), Bob Hollar (New Guinea), Til King (New Guinea), Alton Meyer (France, American Red Cross assistant field director), Donald Horne (received Purple Heart), Eugene Cotterman (broken leg), George Welch (Belgium), Bob Gingher (Italy), Norval Faurot (North Africa), Jim Pottenger (College Park, Maryland), John Cunningham (Puerto Rico, Castaner hospital), Fred Olinger, Sgt. Delbert Compton, Hank Wade.

Folder Number 91b – Correspondence:

Richard Barnhart, Harold Blickenstaff, Milan Blough, George Bunce, R. E. Cotterman (Gene Cotterman) 1943, Raymond Goering (1942), John Karns (1944), Eugene Kitt (1942), Howard Lugenbill (1945), Melvin Leasure (C.P.S. camp, 1943), Ray Long (C.P.S. Camp Waldport, 1943), Wilbur Mullen (C.P.S. Camp #27, Tallahassee, Florida), Ted McLaughlin, Robert Miller (1943), John Minnich (1945), Richard Mohler (C.P.S. Camp Terry, Montana, 1943), Ronald Newkirk.

Folder Number 91c – Charles Reynolds (1943). Mention of Dean Whitehead.

Folder Number 91d – Cpl. Glen Stebing (1943, 1944, 1945) – with mention of LeCount, Blake, Jr. Noffsinger, Warren Sheets, Joe Smith. – We keep “Manchester Strong” wherever we go. Letter (1944) from Schwalm to Lt. William P. Thompson.  Letter (1945) Merlin Eikenberry to Schwalm.

Folder Number 91e – John Young (father to Manchester University President Jo Young Switzer) – Correspondence  with Schwalm while Young was in the Navy (1942, 1943, 1944). Other letters following the war.

Folder Number 91f – Dean Whitehead and Samuel Stoner (Sam ) – these men appear to be Schwalm’s nephews.

Folder Number 91g – Unknown – full name not given – Arthur, Winters, Keith, Dale (from the University of Chicago, Clinics, circa 1941, perhaps Dale Aukerman?).


Folder Number 92  - Earl Garver, Dean of the College, letters from 1956 following Schwalm’s retirement.

1957 - Thank you letter from Schwalm to Board of Trustees – for trip to Europe and Africa and for designating Schwalm as President Emeritus.

Folder Number 93a – Tribute for Schwalm, probably composed by friend and colleague, R. H. Miller, “Vernon F. Schwalm, President of Manchester College.” Schwalm’s response to President Esch’s  invitation to teach history and American government at Indiana Central College, Indianapolis, 1956, following Schwalm’s retirement.  Appreciation letter from “Forest,” 14 July 1956. Edwin Grossnickle, 1945, writes his praise for Schwalm’s activity as a member of the Church of the Brethren General Brotherhood Board.  Theodore Hesburgh, President of the University of Notre Dame, writes his well wishes, 1956.

Folder Number 93b – March 1956- Letter from Schwalm regarding National Christian College Day and recognition of this event within individual churches. January 1954 letter to Brethren pastors informing them about the life of the college.  Chapel, 22 may 1956 “a beautiful prayer” notes Schwalm. 26 May 1956 – Schwalm’s final address to the faculty, 26 May 1956, he notes “Interesting address to the faculty.” 7 July 1955 letter to the faculty to discuss concerns regarding the upcoming school year. “Biographical Sketch of V. F. Schwalm,” by Schwalm. 15 August 1955 lettter from Schwalm to the students along with a letter prepared by the  Automobile Committee, Regarding Automobiles at College.

Folder Number 94 – Report of a Survey of Manchester College for the Lilly Endowment, Inc., by Norman Burns and Manning Pattillo, Jr., 1951.

Folder Number 95 – Lilly Endowment, Inc., March 1956 letter to Schwalm announcing its pledge to make a financial contribution to the Manchester College March of Progress Campaign following the completion of certain stipulations. Correspondence regarding the survey report, the upcoming  inauguration (Helman) and Manning Pattillo’s attendance at the event. Letters from Schwalm to Manning Pattillo and Norman Burns written in November of 1956.  The address on these letters would indicate that Schwalm was teaching at Indiana Central College, and indeed, there is correspondence describing the Schwalm’s residence in Indianapolis (see Folder #101, letter to N. B. Wine 27 Sept. 1956).

“Manchester College Bulletin,” July 1956, Meeting the Lilly Challenge.  20 March 1950 Lilly Endowment letter.

Folder Number 96 - Address written by Schwalm probably delivered on United Nations Day, 6 April 1956, “The Scourge of War.”

Folder Number 97 – Schwalm’s last address as President of Manchester College, 28 May 1956, “What is Vital in Education?”

Folder Number 98 – “What You Should Know About Manchester College,” February 1956 – by Vernon Schwalm. This article includes a list of Manchester College graduates composed in 1949 giving the number of alumni filling various occupations.  Notes on “Christian Higher Education in the Church of the Brethren at Mid Century.”  “Christian Higher Education in the Church of the Brethren at Mid-Century,” by Schwalm.

Pages from other presentations – one seems to have been written at Schwalm’s time of retirement – I want to thank again the thousands of students who have shown an attitude of respect and cooperation through my many years here as president, as Dean, and as Teacher.  Many of them are warm personal friends whom I cherish deeply

Folder Number 99 – Dedication of Vernon Schwalm Hall – Program and Schwalm’s remarks and perhaps the remarks of others. Schwalm’s letter of thanks.

Folder Number 100   Correspondence and publicity regarding the autobiography, “My Educational Pilgrimage,” by Vernon F. Schwalm, circa 1969.

Folder Number 101 – Correspondence describing life after presidency, 1956.

Folder Number 102 – History of North Manchester College with materials from the “Religious Telescope” (footnotes included).  The Krieble incident.  Development of Sciences at Manchester College, by Schwalm.  “Manchester College in Retrospect,” drafts by Schwalm.  Notes on “College Life Since World War II,” by Schwalm. “The Development of the Sciences at Manchester College,” by Schwalm. BECAUSE OF ITS GREAT HISTORICAL VALUE AND NEED FOR ACCESSIBILITY, FOLDER #102 WAS MOVED BY JEANINE WINE IN AUGUST 2017  TO THE MC GENERAL FILE: MANCHESTER COLLEGE HISTORY. 

Folders Number 103 and 104 – Correspondence with A. Blair Helman, including Schwalm’s comments on presidential addresses and reports.  Also drafts to Mrs. Pat Helman regarding the book that she authored.  Organization of these files is greatly needed.

Date of Accession19 September 2013
Archivist Note

It appears as if Schwalm had designated these files as confidential - however, the archivist has removed this classification for most of the folders. Those that remain CONFIDENTIAL are noted in the description.

Schwalm's folders came to the Archives in 2006 when President Jo Young Switzer was moving into her office and what was to be known as "the President's Attic" was discovered. Multiple boxes of materials came to the Archives from the "attic." 2006 was my first year as Archivist and much needed to be done. Describing the contents of the boxes in detail had to be put on hold until the summer of 2013. As he got older, Schwalm's eyesight deteriorated, until he was practically blind. It is my opinon that he tried to organize these files (large lettered notes) - and that he might have tried to work with an assistant (filing cabinet organizational chart) - but that the job never go done. Kay Batdorf, administrative assistant for President Helman, remembers that they came to Helman's office, and that Helman never let anyone look at them. More work needs to be done in describing this correspondence. There is a wealth of information included here, some not previously seen, including the controversy over the merger of Mount Morris College with Manchester (while Schwalm was President of McPherson), Winger's turbulant last years as President, as well as decades of letters between Schwalm and Cordier that include behind-the-scenes accounts of the United Nations during the Congo uprising and Kennedy's plan to end the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Description prepared 19 September 2013 by Jeanine M. Wine and updated 20 August 2017 by Jeanine Wine.


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